Tetanus 7. Fungal infections are caused by fungi, and these usually develop on a person's skin. Pertussis 6. Some bacteria cause disease in man, requiring treatment with an … Leptospirosis – This type of bacterial infection is common because it is highly contagious. APHA [American Public Health Association] Press; 2000. Pneumococcal pneumonia is a common example, although other types of bacteria and viruses can also cause pneumonia. Find out more about antibiotics, and about multidrug-resistant ‘superbugs’, which are very difficult to treat. Lab tests may help clarify whether an illness is due to a virus, bacteria, or other infectious agent or disease process. Osteomyelitis. Leprosy 5. Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavity, is a bacterial infection that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues (enamel, dentin, and cementum). ISBN 978-0-87553-189-2; Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. Why do we need laboratory testing for bacterial infections?. Some oral infections are more serious than others. While young felines have a better immunity against major bacterial infections, the youngest ones are more prone to infections because of the lack of major antibodies. The lungs are particularly vulnerable to bacterial infections. The signs and symptoms differ according to the kinds of infection, but usually a patient will have chills or a fever. Effective treatment depends on the right diagnosis. Like any part of your body, you can get infections and illnesses that can affect your teeth, gums, and tongue. In general, bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics as a course. Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. Fungal Sinus Infections/Fungal Rhinosinusitis. Virus types Different Types. Both types of infections are caused by microbes -- bacteria and viruses, respectively -- and spread by things such as: Coughing and sneezing. These types of bacterial skin infections are not discussed in this article. 28th ed. Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. Bacteria are group of micro-organisms that are a single cell approximately 1 micron in transverse diameter. These bacterial diseases examples are commonly spread only when person comes in contact with this bacterium that stays in human body. Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae. Bacteria are capable of reproducing on their own. Improved sanitation, vaccines, and antibiotics significantly decreased mortality rates. Registered office: Antibiotic Research UK Genesis 5 York Science Park Heslington Various tests are carried out in a laboratory to establish or confirm the diagnosis of a bacterial skin infection.Although a thorough history and examination of the patient are vital, laboratory tests can help the clinician to reach a diagnosis. Syphilis 10. Other examples of bacterial lung diseases include Legionnaire's disease, inhalation anthrax and whooping cough, also known as pertussis 4. The major symptoms associated with this disease are spleen, enlarged liver, rose coloured chest spots, constipation, diarrhea, headache and high fever. The symptoms of a bacterial infection will depend on the location of the infection and the type of bacteria. Bacterial and viral infections have many things in common. Many types of bacteria can cause bone and joint infections, including Staphylococcus aureus, also called staph, Enterobacter, and Streptococcus. Tooth decay results from the production of acid by bacterial fermentation of the food debris accumulated on the tooth surface. If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. Examples of bacterial infections include whooping cough, strep throat, ear infection and urinary tract infection (UTI). Other types of bacterial infections include urinary tract infections (including bladder and kidney infections) and dental abscesses , as well as infections caused by MRSA , Group B Streptococcus , and C. Difficile . But arming yourself with the knowledge of these common mouth infections, their causes, and typical signs can help you prevent them. For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. Infectious types of bacteria can sometimes invade the body and cause a variety of medical conditions, which may need to be treated with prescription medications such as antibiotics. The symptoms of viral and bacterial illnesses are sometimes similar. There are different types of bacteria (good & bad), but in this article, we will explore a list of scary diseases caused by harmful bacteria. Staphylococcal infections (often shortened to Staph) mainly affect the skin. Cholera 4. Necrotizing fasciitis is a serious infection most often caused by Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria.S. History of Bacterial Diseases: There were many pieces of evidence in books and sculptures of these bacterial diseases from ancient Egyptian and ancient Chinese times (3000 BCE) for hundreds of years. While this is most commonly caused by bacterial infections, sepsis can also be the result of fungal or viral infections. The following are four different types of skin infections: 1. 17th ed. While the majority of sinus infections are caused by a viral or bacterial infection, they can also occur due to fungal infections. pyogenes are cocci shaped bacteria that typically colonize the skin and throat areas of the body. Scalp infections occur when bacteria or fungus enter damaged skin or hair follicles on the scalp. This page does not cover conditions such as ringworm or athlete’s foot (fungal), cold sores (viral) or scabies (parasitic), although these conditions can allow bacterial infections to take hold, too. There are a great many types of bacterial infection that can affect the skin, most of which can be easily treated with antibiotics. The bacteria can cause blood infections, pneumonia, ... HIV virus damages T cells that are vital in helping the body fight off diseases, leaving those infected at risk of many types of infections. Two common types are Staphylococcus epidermis and Staphylococcus aureus. Antibiotics only work against bacterial infections. A doctor can determine the underlying cause of an illness based on the patient's symptoms and other factors. Learn more about types of bacterial disease and the mechanism by which bacteria cause illness. There are various types of bacteria that affect each and every part of the body and this is a common health issue which we face throughout our lives. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. There are some general signs of bacterial infection: fever Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO Box 8126, Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 - Toll-free: 1-888-205-2311 A Leptospirosis bacterial infection occurs when a dog drinks stagnant water contaminated by urine or fecal matter. Some of the more common conditions caused by a bacterial infection include bacterial vaginosis , kidney infections, and gastroenteritis. Control of Communicable Diseases Manual. Bacterial diseases were once leading causes of death. 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