. The word is derived from the Latin for “to make sacred.” The thought occurred to me that the Blessed Virgin Mary was the first consecrated Christian. [7][8] In the 17th century France was consecrated to the Virgin Mary by Louis XIII and a number of other countries such as Portugal followed that trend. [45][46] In July 1952 Pope Pius XII specifically performed the Consecration of Russia to the Immaculate Heart of Mary via the Apostolic Letter Sacro Vergente. The act of consecration of cities and regions dates back at least to the 9th century, when Abbo Cernuus of Saint-Germain-des-Prés composed a poem in which he attributed the failure of the Vikings in the Siege of Paris (885–886) to the consecration of the city to the Virgin Mary, and her protection over it. Here's what that means", Catholic News Agency, 30 April 2020. [25], On 13 May 1967, the 50th anniversary of Our Lady of Fatima, Pope Paul VI visited Fatima, Portugal and issued the Apostolic Exhortation Signum Magnum (meaning a great sign in Latin) in which he asked "all sons of the Church to renew their consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary". [52] This paralleled the consecration of the world to the Sacred Heart of Jesus by Pope Leo XIII, discussed in the encyclical Annum sacrum of May 1899. And she wept bitterly saying, ‘As the Lord my God lives, I am pure before him, and know not man’” (ibid.). “Imitate her [Mary], holy mothers, who in her only dearly beloved Son set forth so great an example of material virtue; for neither have you sweeter children [than Jesus], nor did the Virgin seek the consolation of being able to bear another son” (Letters 63:111 [A.D. 388]). following the tiny streams of opinion. This fountain pours forth unceasingly redemption and grace. [39][40], The consecration of cities and regions to the Virgin Mary dates back at least to the 9th century, and during the feuding Medieval period, abbeys, towns and cities began to consecrate themselves to the Virgin Mary to seek her protection. 9 Aug. 2014, Bainvel, Jean. [49] Mariologist Gabriel Roschini wrote that the 1942 consecration of humanity to Mary can be viewed as an apex for Marian culture. “It was not the visible sun, but its invisible Creator who consecrated this day for us, when the Virgin Mother, fertile of womb and integral in her virginity, brought him forth, made visible for us, by whom, when he was invisible, she too was created. For it were not pious to ascribe to any other than to her the first fruit of virginity” (Commentary on Matthew 2:17 [A.D. 248]). Thus, according to the Protoevangelium, Joseph, an elderly widower who already had children, was chosen to be her spouse. By reading Boudon, Montfort concluded that any consecration is ultimately made to "God Alone", for only God merits the loving servitude of man. On 19 November 1959, Bishop Patrick O'Boyle of Washington, D.C. consecrated the United States to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. This request was renewed several times. However, due to considerations of ceremonial cleanliness, it was eventually necessary for Mary, a consecrated “virgin of the Lord,” to have a guardian or protector who would respect her vow of virginity. . The three children who reported the messages of Marian apparitions at Fátima referred to the Immaculate Heart. Keeping this in mind, it is an incredible insult to the Blessed Virgin to say that she broke her vow by bearing children other than her Lord and God, who was conceived through the power of the Holy Spirit. (This would also explain why Joseph was apparently dead by the time of Jesus’ adult ministry, since he does not appear during it in the gospels, and since Mary is entrusted to John, rather than to her husband Joseph, at the crucifixion). To begin with, the Protoevangelium records that when Mary’s birth was prophesied, her mother, St. Anne, vowed that she would devote the child to the service of the Lord, as Samuel had been by his mother (1 Sam. Rather, she was vowed to a life of perpetual virginity. The Catholic Encyclopedia. Although the reports of the Fátima apparitions were initially met with skepticism, they grew in popularity and were approved by the Holy See in 1930. [23], Another driving force for devotions and consecrations to the Immaculate Heart of Mary appeared in the 1917 messages of Our Lady of Fátima. [53][54], Pope Pius XII's two consecrations were made in October 1942 and July 1952 and those of John Paul II in May 1982 and March 1984. might not know intercourse with a man after the Holy Spirit came into her and the power from on high overshadowed her. [24] The third apparition reported at Fátima on 13 July 1917, specifically encouraged devotions and consecrations for the triumph of the Immaculate Heart. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. The Catholic Encyclopedia. permission to publish this work is hereby granted. [7], Although previous saints had discussed the notion of consecration, it was only in 11th century France that Saint Odilo at the Cluny Abbey began to spread the formal practice of personal consecration to Mary. Yaworski, Kiply Lukan. the devout recitation of the. . Thus, according to the Protoevangelium, Joseph, an elderly widower who already had children, was chosen to be her spouse. For centuries, Marian devotions among Roman Catholics have included many examples of personal or collective acts of consecration and entrustment to the Virgin Mary, with the Latin terms oblatio, servitus, commendatio and dedicatio having been used in this context. Later, "God Alone" became the motto of Montfort. presented in this work are free of doctrinal or moral errors. . [13], Theologian Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, a professor at the Angelicum analyzed various forms and stages of Marian devotions. the fourth vow taken by the Marianist Fathers, whose order was formed in the 18th century, during the French Revolution includes a consecration to the Virgin Mary. [10], The 17th century also saw the adoption of the custom of consecrating the month of May to the Blessed Virgin. [55][56], On 28 June 2003 John Paul II entrusted Europe to the Virgin Mary, and renewed that entrustment again on 31 August 2003.[57][58]. As at the marriage feast of Cana, when she said "Do whatever he tells you", Mary directs all things to her Son, who answers our prayers and forgives our sins. [30][31], Kolbe founded the monastery of Immaculate City and published Militia Immaculatae in multiple languages, which eventually reached a circulation of 750,000 copies a month, until it was stopped when Kolbe was sent to the Auschwitz concentration camp. Among those joining in the consecration to Mary, Mother of the Church was Bishop Glen Provost of the Diocese of Lake Charles,[72] and Bishop Lawrence T. Persicoof the Roman Catholic Diocese of Erie. Over the centuries, a number of Marian movements and societies have been consecrated to the Virgin Mary, e.g. "Consecration and Entrustment to Mary", § 204, Schulte, Augustin Joseph. "Bishops around country consecrate U.S. to Mary amid COVID-19 pandemic", "Mary, Mother of Our Church - Consecration", USCCB, "Diocese Consecrated to Mary, Mother of the Church", Diocese of Lake Charles, 28 April 2020. “Heretics called Antidicomarites are those who contradict the perpetual virginity of Mary and affirm that after Christ was born she was joined as one with her husband” (Heresies 56 [A.D. 428]). +Robert H. Brom, Bishop of San Diego, August 10, 2004. "Paris." Diocesan Administrator Kevin McGee of the. . It began with John 19:26 and included the entrustment as follows: "Here we stand before you to entrust to your maternal care ourselves, the Church, the entire world. (2008), Pope Pius XII Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter, Archdiocese of Saint Paul and Minneapolis, Archdiocese of Saint Andrews and Edinburgh, act of entrustment of all Bishops to Mary, Roman Catholic Marian movements and societies. However, due to considerations of ceremonial cleanliness, it was eventually necessary for Mary, a consecrated “virgin of the Lord,” to have a guardian or protector who would respect her vow of virginity. [52], On 25 March 1984, Pope John Paul II again performed the solemn consecration of the world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary before the statue of the Virgin Mary of Fatima brought to Saint Peter's Square in Vatican City for the ceremony. All the 42 Polish dioceses (9 September 2017, Abp. . Reis, fsp, Bernadette Mary. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. Why do you wonder at this, O man?” (Sermons 186:1 [A.D. 411]). . Mary was also accused of having forsaken the Lord by breaking her vow. Consecration to Mary O Mary, Virgin most powerful and Mother of mercy, Queen of Heaven and Refuge of sinners, we consecrate ourselves to thine Immaculate Heart. He designated personal consecration to Mary as the highest level among these devotions. In the 12th century Cîteaux Abbey in France used the motif of the protective mantle of the Virgin Mary which shielded the kneeling abbots and abbesses. "Consecrating the world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary means drawing near, through the mother's intercession, to the very fountain of life that sprang from Golgotha. Most, William G., "Mary's Immaculate Conception", "Jubilee Entrustment to Mary by Pope John Paul II 2000,", Act of Entrustment to Mary, 8 October 2000 at the Vatican website, 2010 Consecration of priests at the Vatican website, Vatican website: Benedict XVI 13 May 2010 Homily, "Consecration of Canada to the Immaculate Heart of Mary", Ottawa Marian Congress 1947, "Catholic Bishops of Canada invited to consecrate Canada to the Blessed Virgin Mary", CCCB, 28 April 2017. However, the first consistent and repeated use of the concept of consecration to Mary was perhaps by Saint Ildephonsus of Toledo in the 7th century, and Pope John VII also referred to it in the 8th century. If you had ever read what they wrote, you would be a wiser man” (Against Helvidius: The Perpetual Virginity of Mary 19 [A.D. 383]). . [37][38], On 12 May 2010 at the Church of the Most Holy Trinity in Fátima, Portugal, on the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the beatification of Jacinta and Francisco Marto Pope Benedict XVI consecrated all priests to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. [8] During the Medieval period, abbeys, towns and cities began to consecrate themselves to the Virgin Mary to seek her protection. “And behold, an angel of the Lord stood by [St. Anne], saying, ‘Anne! In the 8th century, Saint John Damascene continued the theme of consecration to Mary, and when he wrote "to you we consecrate (anathemenoi) our minds, our souls and our bodies, in a word our very selves" he used the Greek term anathemenoi which indicates "the setting aside for sacred use". . Like the Canadian bishops, on 1 May 2000, Archbishop José Horacio Gómez, president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, led a "Renewal of the Consecration of the United States of America to the Blessed Virgin Mary" under the title "Mary, Mother of the Church"[69] at Our Lady of the Angels Cathedral in Los Angeles. [19][20], Francis de Sales began to write on the perfections of the Heart of Mary as the model of love for God in the early parts of the 17th century and his work influenced St. Jean Eudes, who then developed the joint devotion to the Hearts of Jesus and Mary. Those countries included: Albania, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, East Timor, Guatemala, Hungary, India, Kenya, Mexico, Moldova, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Romania, Slovakia,[75] Tanzania, and Zimbabwe.[76]. "Marian Consecration and Entrustment", Burke, Raymond L. et al. 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